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Doctors concerned over spike in pre-mature births, urges regular follow-ups with neonatologist

Our Bureau, Bengaluru
Tuesday, November 21, 2017, 08:00 Hrs  [IST]

The medical fraternity is concerned over the conditions that lead to pre-mature births going by the number of patients accessing hospitals for this condition. Doctors have also highlighted the need for patients to have regular follow-ups with neonatologists.

One in every 10th child born globally is premature. While premature birth is known to be the leading cause of fatality among children under five worldwide, little is discussed to curb the increase of these numbers. Due to the lack of access to the proper medical care for disadvantaged, many children face complications after the preterm birth, said experts at Rainbow Children’s Hospital, Bengaluru.

On the World Prematurity Day observed annually on November 17, doctors point out that early birth cases are seen to have more health issues than babies born on time. These pre mature birth cases may face continuing health problems impacting the brain, the lungs, hearing or eye sight, they noted.

“Of late we have seen a spike in the number of premature babies at our centre. We receive around 10-12 cases every month who are usually born within 34 to 37 weeks. Diabetes, hypertension, high levels of stress among women and late marriages are some of the major contributors to the birth of preterm babies”, said Dr. Prachi Bhosale, Consultant Paediatrician, Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Whitefield.

According to Dr. Rajath Athreya, Neonatologist and Pediatrician, Rainbow Children’s Hospital said that premature birth mortality has been rising drastically in rural areas, compared to urban areas. Majority of the deliveries in rural areas still occur in homes or in places where there are limited resources, leading to the need to arrange transportation of the infant to well-equipped hospitals in real time.

According to Dr. Bhosale, early delivery can also affect the mother. She can suffer from an imbalance of the hormones which in turn can make it difficult to produce enough breast milk to feed the child, she added.

Premature births care caused by a number of reasons including trauma, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia and previous premature delivery. The major challenge is the difficulty in maintaining body temperature, brain hemorrhage, infections. However, these issues can be overcome with nutritious diet, regular follow-ups with neonatologist and with a positive attitude towards this condition, Dr. Chitra Ramamurthy, senior consultant OBG, Apollo hospital, said.

Rainbow Children’s Hospital, organised a  ‘NICU University Graduation Ceremony.’ The 40 preterm babies with their convocation caps on, were conferred with ‘graduation certificates’ in a bid to celebrate their success of retrieving serious complications, to face the world outside NICU. The hospital is known for its Neonatal Retrieval services for mother and babies, a lifesaving intervention service.

 

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