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Healthcare experts warn rising air pollution can be detrimental to cardiac health

Our Bureau, Hyderabad
Wednesday, November 29, 2017, 08:00 Hrs  [IST]

Healthcare experts have warned that the rising air pollution in the top metropolitan cities across India is not only a big environmental concern but they fear that it can prove detrimental to the cardiac health, particularly for the Indian population. According to Dr. Bhaskar, managing director of KIMS too much inhalation of particulate matter will let minute particles enter the lungs and make it difficult to breath. These particles may contain poisonous gases that can affect the heart or cause high blood pressure and lead to coronary problems.

Giving credence to the warnings of the healthcare experts, a recent study conducted by Intermountain Medical Centre Hearth Institute of Utah in Collaboration with Brigham Young University it is revealed that air pollution is particularly detrimental to the cardiac health of people with the blood groups A, B or AB. However, the study has also revealed that people with O blood groups are more resistant to pollution based infection of their heart.

Healthcare experts said that the main reasons why only certain groups of people with the above specified blood groups are impacted by air pollution is because the genetic makeup of the heart differs with the blood group. Indians are three times more prone to heart attacks than Americans. “Changing lifestyle, food habits and stressful working environments are proven risks of increased heart attacks and the rise in air pollution is posing another big threat for increased heart diseases in India, “observed Dr. Mukharjee, a senior cardiologists.

The study conducted on environmental impact on heart revealed that 25 micrograms per cubic meter is taken to be the baseline pollution level and it was found that every additional 10 micrograms in air increased the risk of heart disease. It was found that though particulate matter (PM) 2.5 levels touched 100 in winters, readings were typically in the 50-60 PM range. The risk of heart disease increase when PM 2.5 levels were greater than 25. The average air quality in Hyderabad as reported recently by the central pollution control board (CPCB) is 85 which is considered to be satisfactory. PM 2.5 levels across the city usually vary between 60 to 80.

However experts fear that the pollution levels are likely to increase in the coming days with more construction, industrial and vehicular activity in the city. Cities like Delhi have already crossed this level and are regarded as high risk cities which may cause heart disease among the public if exposed to excess air pollution.


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